Individual Notes

Note for:   John Adams,   30 OCT 1735 - 4 JUL 1826         Index

Individual Note:
     US statesman and second president (1797--1801), born in Braintree
(now Quincy), MA. The son of a farmer, he distinguished himself at
Harvard, and was admitted to the bar in 1758. Of strongly colonial
sympathies, he led the protest against the Stamp Act (1765), and in
1774 was sent as a delegate to the first Continental Congress. He
proposed the election of Washington as commander-in-chief, and was
"the colossus of the debate' on the Declaration of Independence. He
retired from Congress in 1777, only to be sent to France and Holland as
commissioner from the new republic, and in 1785--8 was minister to
England. In 1789 he became vice-president under Washington. They were
re-elected in 1792, and in 1796 Adams was chosen president by the
Federalists. Defeated on seeking re-election in 1800, he retired to his
home at Quincy.

Individual Notes

Note for:   John Quincy Adams,   11 JUL 1767 - 23 FEB 1848         Index

Individual Note:
     President of the United States 1825 - 1829

Eldest son of President John Adams and sixth president of the United States (1825-29). In his prepresidential years he was one of America's greatest diplomats (created the Monroe Doctrine); in his postpresidential years (as U.S. congressman, 1831-48) he conducted a consistent and often dramatic fight against the expansion of slavery.

Individual Notes

Note for:   Sarah Kent,    -          Index

Individual Note:
     There is significant confusion over the lineage of the Kent's in Newbury during this era. There appear to be two John Kents and two Sarah Kents of similar ages that are related to the Toppan/Tappan line.

Individual Notes

Note for:   John(?) Kent,    - 7 FEB 1640/41         Index

Individual Note:
     From: David Ahoward
Date: Monday, 17 Nov 1997 3:19 PM

There were at least two John Kents in Newbury of the same general age. The Newbury Vital Records gives a birth date for "John, s[on of] Richard July 20, 1645" on p. 259. The same source on pp. 631-33 gives a death date for "John Kent on January 30, 1717/18 age 77," placing his birth in 1740/41. Thus there are two John Kents born between 1640/41 and 1645 in Newbury: 1) the son of Richard, and 2) the earlier one"apparently referred elsewhere in the Newbury Vital Records as being John Jr.

Perhaps John Jr. was the son of the John Kent of Newbury noted in the following quotation: "the first death where the name and date are given in full is that of John Kent, son of John Kent, who 'dyed the 7th of February 1641'," J.J. Currier, "Ould Newbury [1896]," p. 23. The Newbury Vital Records [1911], p. 632, also has a reference to the death of "John Kent, s. John, Feb 7, 1641. The Essex County Court Records, vol. I (1636-56) [1911], have a few references to a John Kent of Newbury holding minor offices, but his name disappears after 1641. The Essex Antiquarian does so as well. One likely inference is that this John Kent died at about the year that John Kent Jr. was born, and was his father. If the settler Richard Kent of Newbury was born ca. 1590, as some suggest, perhaps he was the father or grandfather of the John Kent who was born in 1645. The "John Kent s. John" who died in 1641 may have been Richard's nephew, but I have been able to find nothing about his origins.

John Kent Jr. married Sarah Woodman in 1665, "Newbury Vital Records," p. 270 and p. 556; John [Richard's son?] married Mary Hobbs [who died in 1725], p. 270. Both John [Richard's son?] and John Jr, had daughters named Mary. John's [Richard's son?] Mary was born in 1668 and died June 10, 1674; John, Jr. had a daughter Mary born October 24, 1674 -- four months after the death of the earlier Mary Kent. My line seems to go back to the latter Mary Kent, wife of Stephen Swett, and her parents, John Kent, Jr. and Sarah Woodman. All of this is quite imprecise, but reflects the state of my research at present. David Howard

Individual Notes

Note for:   Samuel Quincy,   1735 - 1789         Index

Individual Note:
     A loyalist, he left Massachusetts in 1775 or 1776, never to return. He was appointed attorney-general of Antigua. His wife, Hannah Hill, daughter of Boston distiller Thomas Hill, was not pleased with her husband's course in the politics of the times, and when he left Boston, a refugee, she preferred to remain with her brother Henry, and never met her husband again.

Individual Notes

Note for:   Francis Billington,   ABT 1606 - 3 DEC 1684         Index

Individual Note:
     The Billington family may have originated from around Cowbit and Spaulding, in Lincolnshire, England. Francis Longland named young children Francis Billington son of John, and Francis Newton son of Robert, as heirs. In 1650, a survey of lands indicated that Francis was "about 40" and living in New England. Francis' himself stated in a 1674 deposition that he was 68 years old, so he was about 14 years old when he made the voyage on the Mayflower to Plymouth in 1620 with his parents John and Eleanor, and older brother John.

Francis was clearly an active and troublesome youth. He nearly caused a disaster onboard the Mayflower shortly after arrival, when he shot off his father's musket inside the Mayflower's cabin and sent sparks raining down near an open barrel of gunpowder. After he got to shore, he climbed up a tree and spotted a "great sea," which turned out to be a lake that even today is still known as "Billington's Sea". He and one of the Mayflower's crewmembers went to explore the sea, but became alarmed when they saw some abandoned Indian houses (they were alone with only a single gun).

Francis' father was hanged for murder in September 1630, and his brother John had died not to long before. In July 1634, Francis married Christian Eaton, the widow of Mayflower passenger Francis Eaton who had died the previous year autumn. Christian brought three of her own children, and one step-child from her deceased husband's previous marriage, all under the age of 14. With Francis Billington, she had nine more children. They raised their family at Plymouth, and moved in their later years to Middleboro, where they both died in 1684.

Individual Notes

Note for:   John Billington,   ABT 1580 - SEP 1630         Index

Individual Note:
     The Billington family may have originated from around Cowbit and Spaulding, in Lincolnshire, England, where Francis Longland named young Francis Billington son of John Billington an heir. In 1650, a survey indicated that Francis Billington was then in New England. However, research has thus far failed to turn up any other records of the family's residence there.

The Billington family was Plymouth Colony's troublemakers. Just after arrival, young Francis Billington shot off his father's musket in the Mayflower's cabin, showering sparks around open barrels of gunpowder, nearly causing a catastrophe. A few months later in March 1621, father John was brought before the company for "contempt of the Captain's lawful command with opprobrious speeches", and was sentenced to have his neck and heels tied together: "but upon humbling himself and craving pardon, and it being the first offence, he is forgiven." Son John wandered off in May 1621, and was brought by Nauset Indians to Cape Cod, where he was later retrieved. In 1624, Billington was implicated in the Oldham-Lyford scandal (a failed revolt against the Plymouth church), but played ignorant and was never officially punished for involvement. In 1625, Governor Bradford wrote a letter to Robert Cushman saying "Billington still rails against you, ... he is a knave, and so will live and die." In 1630, Billington shot and killed John Newcomen, they having been common enemies of one another for some time. Billington was tried by jury and hanged in September 1630 for the murder. In 1636, wife Eleanor (sometimes Helen) was sentenced to sit in the stocks and be whipped for slandering John Doane. Eleanor would later remarry to Gregory Armstrong in 1638.

Mayflower Families through Five Generations, Vol. 5, Ed 2, John
Billington by Harriet Woodbury Hodge, 1997, pg 31-35:
John Billington, his wife Elinor, and two adolescent sons, John and
Francis , were passengers on the Mayflower. According to Bradford's
History, "they c ame from London, and I know not by what friends shuffled
into their company." There is evidence, however, that the Billingtons
had connections to the gen try in Lincolnshire.
The English Crown granted, on 7 Feb 1612, a lease of 29 a cres of land
in the village of Cowbit, near Spaulding, Lincolnshire to Franci s
Longland, gentleman, then about 32 years of age. This "lease for three
l ives" allowed Mr. Longland to select two heirs, or successors to the
lease af ter his death. He chose two small boys; Francis Billington, son
of John Bill ington and Francis Newton, son of Robert Newton. The
children were very prob ably related to Francis Longland, cousins or
nephews, perhaps his namesakes. If nephews, then Longland's sisters were
the mothers of Francis Billington a nd Francis Newton. Proof of any
relationship has yet to be found.
A survey of Crown lands was made in February 1650 to ascertain the
condition of the la nd and whether the primary lessee or either of his two
successors were then l iving. It was determined that the original lessee
and immediate tenant, Fran cis Longland, then aged 70 years, was still
living at Welby, Lincolnshire; Fr ancisNewton, aged 40, was living at
Swayfield in that county; and Francis B illington "was living a year
since in New England aged forty years or thereab outs." Whether Francis
Billington actually inherited the lease is unknown. The parish registers
of Lincolnshire contain many baptism and marriage entrie s for persons of
the surnames Longland, Billington, and Newton, but so far th ese
individuals have not been identified.
William Bradford was critical of the Billingtons from the beginning,
and his references to them almost invariab ly chronicle their misconduct.
John Billington may well have been one of the dissidents among the
passengers on the Mayflower who wanted to be independen t of the
Separatist church group from Leiden, but he accepted and signed the
MayflowerCompact 11 Nov. 1620 o.s. on board ship while anchored in
Provinc etown Harbor. A few days later, 5 Dec. 1620, one of the
Billington sons, we are not toldwhich one, in his father's absence,
fired a gun near an open hal f-keg of gunpowder in the crowded cabin of
the Mayflower, endangering ship an d passengers, "and yet, by God's mercy,
no harm done." In March 1621, "The f irst Offencesince our arrival is of
John Billington...and is this month conv ented beforethe whole company
for his contempt of the Captain's [Miles Stand ish] lawfullcommand with
opprobrious speeches, for which he is adjudged to h ave his neckand heels
tied together. But upon humbling himself and craving p ardon, and it being
the first offence, he is forgiven."
Early in January, sh ortly after the settlement at Plymouth, son Francis
Billington saw from the t op of a treeon a high hill "a great sea as he
thought" which he later explor ed with one of the ship's crew. The two
lakes t

Individual Notes

Note for:   Edmund Quincy Sewall,   1 OCT 1796 - 15 SEP 1866         Index

Individual Note:
     Reverend SEWALL graduated from Harvard, B.A., 1815, and was ordained at Barnstable, MA, 1819. Later he was in charge of the Unitarian Church in Amherst, NH, and for seventeen years minister in Scituate, MA, but his health was never good, and each (?) time compelled him to relinquish his position.
During interims he did a good deal of literary work and was for several years editor of the 'Christian Register.'
From 'The William Ward Genealogy', 1925, p.175.

Individual Notes

Note for:   Ellen Devereux Sewall,   10 MAR 1822 - 8 DEC 1892         Index

Individual Note:
     Likely the "Ellen Sewall" that was the object of Henry David Thoreau's (and his brother's) affection. Both Throeau brothers courted Ellen in 1839 and 2 years later Henry proposed marriage, but was rejected.

Individual Notes

Note for:   John Howland,   1599 - 25 FEB 1672/73         Index

Individual Note:
     John Howland was born about 1599, probably in Fenstanton, Huntington. He came on the Mayflower in 1620 as a manservant for Governor John Carver. During the Mayflower's voyage, Howland fell overboard during a storm, and was almost lost at sea--but luckily for his millions of descendants living today (including Presidents George Bush and George W. Bush, and Mrs. Theodore Roosevelt) he managed to grab ahold of the topsail halyards, giving the crew enough time to rescue him with a boathook.

It has been traditionally reported that John Howland was born about 1592, based on his reported age at death in the Plymouth Church Records. However, ages at death were often overstated, and that is clearly the case here. John Howland came as a servant for John Carver, which means he was under 25 years old at the time (i.e. he was born after 1595). William Bradford, in the falling-overboard incident, refers to Howland as a "lusty young man", a term that would not likely have applied to a 28-year old given that Bradford himself was only 30--Bradford did call 21-year old John Alden a "young man" though. Howland's wife Elizabeth was born in 1607: a 32-year old marrying a 17-year old is an unlikely circumstance. Howland's last child was born in 1649: a 57-year old Howland would be an unlikely father. All these taken together demonstrate that Howland's age was likely overstated by at least 5 years. Since he signed the Mayflower Compact, we can assume he was probably about 21 in 1620, so the best estimate for his birth would be about 1599.

John Howland had several brothers who also came to New England, namely Henry Howland (an ancestor to both Presidents Richard Nixon and Gerald Ford) and Arthur Howland (an ancestor to Winston Churchill).

Descendents of John Howland include: Presidents Franklin Delano Roosevelt, George H.W. Bush, George W. Bush, First Lady Barbara Bush, Alice Hathaway Lee (Mrs. Theodore Roosevelt), Gov. Jeb Bush, Sen. Henry Cabot Lodge Jr., Nathaniel Gorham (Continental Congress President), Lt. Col. Ebenezer Sproat (Revolutionary War), Gen. Henry Hastings Sibley (First Governor of Minnesota), Philip Brooks (wrote "O Little Town of Bethlehem"), poets Ralph Waldo Emerson, Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, Florence Earle Coates, astronomer Maria Mitchell, Esther Allen Howland (produced the first American Valentines), Joseph Smith (founder of the Church of Latter Day Saints), writer Ambrose Bierce, John Bartlett (of Bartlett's Quotations), and actors Humphrey Bogart, Lillian Russell, Maude Adams, Anthony Perkins and the Baldwin brothers (Alec, Stephen, and Billy) are descendants. First Lady Edith Kermit Carow may also be a descendant.

Individual Notes

Note for:   Nathanial Howland,   1671 - 29 DEC 1746         Index

     Date:   ABT 1671
     Place:   Plymouth, Plymouth Co., Massachusetts

Individual Notes

Note for:   Franklin Delano Roosevelt,   30 JAN 1882 - 5 APR 1945         Index

Individual Note:
     [nathanial howland.ged]

Franklin D. Roosevelt (7th cousin 3x removed)
Thirty -Second President
Born: January 30, 1882 in Hyde Park, New York
Died: April 12, 1945 in Warm Springs, Georgia
Married to Anna Eleanor Roosevelt

Assuming the Presidency at the depth of the Great Depression, Franklin D. Roosevelt helped the American people regain faith in themselves. He brought hope as he promised prompt, vigorous action, and asserted in his Inaugural Address, "the only thing we have to fear is fear itself."

Born in 1882 at Hyde Park, New York--now a national historic site--he attended Harvard University and Columbia Law School. On St. Patrick's Day, 1905, he married Eleanor Roosevelt.

Following the example of his fifth cousin, President Theodore Roosevelt,whom he greatly admired, Franklin D. Roosevelt entered public service through politics, but as a Democrat. He won election to the New York Senate in 1910. President Wilson appointed him Assistant Secretary of the Navy, and he was the Democratic nominee for Vice President in 1920.

In the summer of 1921,when he was 39, disaster hit -he was stricken with poliomyelitis. Demonstrating indomitable courage, he fought to regain the use of his legs, particularly through swimming. At the 1924 Democratic Convention he dramatically appeared on crutches to nominate Alfred E. Smith as "the Happy Warrior." In 1928 Roosevelt became Governor of New York.

He was elected President in November 1932, to the first of four terms. By March there were 13,000,000 unemployed, and almost every bank was closed. In his first "hundred days," he proposed, and Congress enacted, a sweeping program to bring recovery to business and agriculture, relief a sweeping unemployed and to those in danger of losing farms and homes, and reform,especially through the establishment of the Tennessee Valley Authority.

By 1935 the Nation had achieved some measure of recovery, but businessmen and bankers were turning more and more against Roosevelt's New Deal program. They feared his experiments, were appalled because he had taken the Nation off the gold standard and allowed deficits in the budget, and disliked the concessions to labor. Roosevelt responded with a new program of reform: Social Security, heavier taxes on the wealthy, new controls over banks and public utilities, and an enormous work relief program controls over unemployed.

In 1936 he was reelected by a top- heavy margin. Feeling he was armed with a popular mandate, he sought legislation to enlarge the Supreme Court, which had been invalidating key New Deal measures. Roosevelt lost the Supreme Court battle, but a revolution in constitutional law took place. Thereafter the Government could legally regulate the economy.

Roosevelt had pledged the United States to the "good neighbor" policy,transforming the Monroe Doctrine from a unilateral American manifesto into arrangements for mutual action against aggressors. He also sought through neutrality legislation to keep the United States out of the war in Europe, yet at the same time to strengthen nations threatened or attacked. When France fell and England came under siege in 1940, he began to send Great Britain all possible aid short of actual military involvement.

When the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, Roosevelt directed organization of the Nation's manpower and resources for global war.

Feeling that the future peace of the world would depend upon relations between the United States and Russia, he devoted much thought to the planning of a United Nations, in which, he hoped, international difficulties could be settled.

As the war drew to a close, Roosevelt's health deteriorated, and on April 12, 1945, while at Warm Springs, Georgia, he died of a cerebral hemorrhage.


Individual Notes

Note for:   Eleanor "Anna" Roosevelt,   11 OCT 1884 - 7 OCT 1962         Index

     Place:   Hyde Park

Individual Note:
     [nathanial howland.ged]

Anna Eleanor Roosevelt (16th cousin)

A shy, awkward child,starved for recognition and love, Eleanor Roosevelt grew into a woman with great sensitivity to the underprivileged of all creeds, races, and nations. Her constant work to improve their lot made her one of the most loved--and for some years one of the most reviled--women of her generation.

She was born in New York City on October 11, 1884, daughter of lovely Anna Hall and Elliott Roosevelt, younger brother of Theodore. When her mother died in 1892, the children went to live with Grandmother Hall; her adored father died only two years later. Attending a distinguished school in England gave her, at 15, her first chance to develop self -confidence among other girls.

Tall, slender, graceful of figure but apprehensive at the thought of being a wallflower, she returned for a debut that she dreaded. In her circle of friends was distant cousin, handsome young Franklin Delano Roosevelt. They became engaged in 1903 and were married in 1905, with her uncle the President giving the bride away. Within eleven years Eleanor bore six children; one son died in infancy."I suppose I was fitting pretty well into the pattern of a fairly conventional, quiet, young society matron," she wrote later in her autobiography.

In Albany, where Franklin served in the state Senate from 1910 to 1913,Eleanor started her long career as political helpmate. She gained a knowledge of Washington and its ways while he served as Assistant Secretary of the Navy. When he was stricken with poliomyelitis in 1921,she tended him devotedly. She became active in the women's division of the State Democratic Committee to keep his interest in politics alive. From his successful campaign for governor in 1928 to the day of his death, she dedicated her life to his purposes. She became eyes and ears for him, a trusted and tireless reporter.

When Mrs. Roosevelt came to the White House in 1933, she understood social conditions better than any of her predecessors and she transformed the role of First Lady accordingly. She never shirked official entertaining; she greeted thousands with charming friendliness. She also broke precedent to hold press conferences, travel to all parts of the country, give lectures and radio broadcasts, and express her opinions candidly in a daily syndicated newspaper column, "My Day."

This made her a tempting target for political enemies but her integrity,her graciousness, and her sincerity of purpose endeared her personally to many--from heads of state to servicemen she visited abroad during World War II. As she had written wistfully at 14: " matter how plain a woman may be if truth & loyalty are stamped upon her face all will be attracted to her...."

After the President's death in 1945 she returned to a cottage at his Hyde Park estate; she told reporters: "the story is over." Within a year,however, she began her service as American spokesman in the United Nations. She continued a vigorous career until her strength began to wane in 1962. She died in New York City that November, and was buried at Hyde Park beside her husband.

Note: Eleanor "Anna" Roosevelt (1st Lady) and Theodore Roosevelt II are 1st cousins. Their common ancestors are Theodore Roosevelt and Martha Bullock.

Individual Notes

Note for:   Martha Cole,   ABT 1672 - BET 11 AND 15 AUG 1718         Index

Individual Note:
     [nathanial howland.ged]

1st Wife of Nathaniel Howland